June 12, 2018

Free-Space Optical Communications – Standardisation Issues

Dr. Marian Marciniak

In the mean-time Optical Wireless is a well established Communication Technology. In this talk Free Space Optics (FSO) is considered within the focus of regulations and standardisation-bodies for future applications. The FSO-Technology is compared to other Communication Technologies (including wireless technologies, like WLAN and satellite communications) regarding those aspects. ITU, IEC, and IEEE International standards for Free-Space Optical links will be reviewed. Emphasis will be put to co-existence and compatibility of neighbouring systems, propagation atmospheric conditions, visible light communications, and laser safety issues.


Marian Marciniak has been graduated in solid state physics from Marie Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Poland, in 1977. From 1985 to 1989 he performed Ph.D. studies in electromagnetic wave theory at the Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, followed by Ph.D. degree (with distinction) in optoelectronics received from Military University of Technology in Warsaw. In 1997 he received his Doctor of Sciences (Habilitation) degree in physics/optics from Warsaw University of Technology.

From 1978 to 1997 he held an academic position in the Academy of Telecommunications in Zegrze, Poland. In August 1996 he joined the National Institute of Telecommunications in Warsaw where he actually is a Professor at the Department of Transmission and Optical Technologies. In parallel, he was a professor at Kielce University of Technology, Poland (2008-2017). Since August 2004 he serves as an Honorary International Advisor to the George Green Institute for Electromagnetics Research at the University of Nottingham, UK.

His early activities included extended studies of optical wave-guiding linear and nonlinear phenomena with focus on developing original analytic and numerical methods including beam-propagation methods. He has formulated a theory for mode cut-off conditions in lossy waveguides. He has performed advanced studies of radiation field propagation in optical waveguides and he has formulated conditions for efficient radiation-to-guided mode conversion. He has studied extensively the propagation of light in optical waveguides containing simultaneously amplifying and lossy layers with Beam Propagation Method and he was the first to point out the oscillatory or exponential field behaviour in such waveguides depending of the absolute value of gain and loss. Current research interests include transparent and all-optical packet- and burst-switched telecommunication networks, ultrafast and nanoscale/subwavelength photonics, Radio-over-Fibre systems, network reliability and security, ubiquitous networking & computing, and the future global optical & wireless networking and services. Recently he has introduced and developed a non-conventional model of a hybrid photonic real-time service & packet network. He is an author or co-author of c.a. 370 technical publications, including a number of invited conference presentations and 20 books authored, co-authored and/or edited by himself.

He is a Senior Member of the IEEE – Lasers & Electro-Optics, Communications, and Computer Societies, a member of The American Association for the Advancement of Science, The Optical Society of America, SPIE – The International Society for Optical Engineering and The American Chemical Society. In early 2001 he originated the IEEE/LEOS Poland Chapter and he served as the elected Chairman of that Chapter until July 2003. As a LEOS volunteer he was the originator and Co-Chair, together with Prof. Trevor M Benson from University of Nottingham, UK, of a conference topic Nonlinear Dynamics in Photonic Systems for IEEE/LEOS Winter Topicals 2009, 12-14 January 2009 in Innsbruck, Austria.

In 1999 Prof. Marciniak originated and he continues to act as the organiser of the International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks ICTON series. Of those, ICTON 2014 in Graz, Austria, has been particularly successful with c.a. 500 technical contributions.

He is widely involved in the European research for telecommunication networks and services. He was the originator of accession of Poland to COST – European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research Programs, those were in chronological order, Modelling and Measuring of Advanced Photonic Telecommunication Components (240), Applications of Nonlinear Optical Phenomena (P2), Advanced Infrastructure for Photonic Networks (266), Wavelength-Scale Photonic Components for Telecommunications (268), Reliability of Optical Components and Devices in Communications Systems and Networks (270), Towards Mobile Broadband Multimedia Networks (273), Nanoscale and Ultrafast Photonics (288), Physics of linear, non-linear and active photonic crystals (P11), Towards Digital Optical Networks, TDON (291), Graphs and algorithms in communication networks, GRAAL (293), Pervasive Mobile & Ambient Wireless Communications (2100). He served as the Chairman of COST Action MP0702 Towards functional sub-wavelength photonic structures (2008-2012).

Very recently, he has been involved in COST Actions: IC1101 Optical Wireless Communications – An Emerging Technology (2011-2015); TU1208 Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar (2013-2017) – Short-Term Scientific Missions Manager; MP1302 NanoSpectroscopy (2013-/2017); MP1401 Advanced fibre laser and coherent source as tools for society, manufacturing and lifescience (2014-2018) – Working Group 2 Chairman; MP1403 Nanoscale Quantum Optics (2014-2018); and CA16220 European Network for High Performance Integrated Microwave Photonics (2017-2021).

He has been appointed as the Expert-Evaluator for the European Union IST 5th Framework Program proposals in the Action Line All-Optical and Terabit Networks, in IST 6th FP Research Networking Test-Beds, and in ICT 7th FP Photonic Components & Subsystems, HORIZON 2020 – Future and Emerging Technologies, in INTAS Program, and in addition in national programs in several countries with The Leverhulme Trust, EPSRC, UKIERI and Royal Society in UK, IRCSET in Ireland, Swiss National Science Foundation, Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) 2007, 2008, and the State Committee for Scientific Research (KBN) in Poland.

He is/has been a Delegate to the International Telecommunication Union, Study Group 15 Optical and Other Transport Network Infrastructures, and to the International Electrotechnical Commission, Technical Committee 86 Fibre Optics and its Sub-Committees SC86B Fibre Optic Interconnecting Devices and Passive Components and SC86C Fibre Optic Systems and Active Devices. He was a local organiser of IEC TC 86 Annual Meeting in Warsaw, Poland, in September 2004. In 1998 he originated and served as the Chairman of the Technical Committee 282 on “Fibre Optics” of the National Committee for Standardisation till 2009. He served as a member of Polish Delegation to the World Telecommunication Standards Assembly WTSA 2000 – Montreal, Canada, and WTSA 2004 – Florianopolis, Brazil. Since 2002 he participates in the work of the URSI – International Union of Radio Science, Commission D – Electronics and Photonics, for which he serves as the Vice-President of the National Committee D since 2009.

He is the Editor-in-Chief for Optical and Quantum Electronics. He is a Member of the Editorial Board of: Microwave & Optoelectronics Technology Letters journal, Wiley, USA, and Journal of Telecommunications and Information Technology, National Institute of Telecommunications, Poland, and a Member of the Board of Associate Editors of the International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications (IJET), Poland. He has accepted invitations to be a Guest Editor of Special Issues of journals: Journal of Telecommunications and Information Technology, Applications of Nonlinear Optical Phenomena (2000), Optical Switching and Networking (2009), Recent Progress in Electromagnetic Theory and its Applications, 2017, Journal of Networks, Transparent Optical Networking (2009), and IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, a Feature Section on the Nonlinear Dynamics in Photonic Systems (2009) amongst others. He serves as a reviewer for international scientific journals including: Microwave & Optoelectronics Technology Letters (Wiley), IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Journal of Lightwave Technology (IEEE/OSA), Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Journal of Optical Society of America B, Optics Express, OSA Journal of Optical Networking (JON), Optical and Quantum Electronics, Journal of Optics A: Pure & Applied Optics, Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Solid State Electronics, Materials Chemistry and Physics, Physica Status Solidi, IET Optoelectronics, Measurement Science and Technology, the International Journal of Electronics and Communication (AEÜ), Germany, Journal of Telecommunications and Information Technology, and also for several leading international conferences.